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Safety Management (Part 1)


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Journal Articles/Reports


  • Key Management Motivators in Occupational Health & Safety (pdf, 241 pages), consultancy report by kpmgConsulting, commissioned by th National Occupational Health and Safety Commission, (Research for the CEO and Supervisor Drivers Projects) Volume 1: Main Report, February 2001

  • Key Management Motivators in Occupational Health & Safety (pdf, 89 pages), consultancy report by kpmgConsulting, commissioned by th National Occupational Health and Safety Commission, (Research for the CEO and Supervisor Drivers Projects) Volume 2: Case Studies, February 2001

  • Safety Management - System or Culture? by CJ King, Bechtel Australia Pty. Ltd.  It is suggested that some commercial SMS may make safety management look technically complex while offering a "paint by numbers" solution that appears to be managerially simple.  It is argued that the reality of safety management is the opposite ...  The importance of culture is discussed and its impact on safety examined.  A twelve-step guide to achieving substantial safety improvement in the workplace is offered. While the steps are conceptually simple, they require .... to achieve.

  • Good Safety Management on Combined Construction Sites, by Jorma Lappalainen, Simo Sauni, Paivi Piispanen, and Salme Nurmi.  The objective of this study was to establish a set of safety practices  for construction sites that can be used as a model for construction sites in general.  Special effort was exerted to find positive and functional solution and to avoid emphasizing problems.

  • Assessing safety management systems
    Santos-Reyes, J. / Beard, A.N., Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, Mar 2002
    Traditionally, both academe and practitioners have tended to address fire safety by focusing on technical aspects and looking for the immediate causes of fire incidents or accidents after they have taken place.

  • Safety Management 2000: our strengths & weakness

    Dan Petersen, Professional Safety, American Society of Safety Engineers, January 2000

  • Empirical investigation of construction safety management activities and performance ...
    Mohamed, S., Safety Science, Dec 1999
    The construction industry seems to suffer from a general inability to manage workplace health and safety to a level where an achieved improvement in safety performance by a way of pro-active measures can result in zero accidents. This...

  • The reality of ''Revitalizing Health and Safety''
    Smallman, C., Journal of Safety Research, Dec 2001
    Problem: Workplace health and safety remains an important international socioeconomic issue, but the progressive declines in reported incidents may be slowing. The British Government has responded by launching a new policy initiative...

  • From research to practical tools - developing assessment tools for safety management and safety culture, by Nick Hurst, Health and Safety Laboratory, UK. April 1996

  • Investing in Safety, an analytical precautionary principle (pd), by Scott Farrow and Hiroshi Hayakawa, Journal of Safety Research, 22(2002) 165-174.

  • Safety Management Systems and Safety Culture in Aircraft Maintenance Organisations - by N. McDonald, S. Corrigan, C. Daly, S. Cromie (Department of Psychology, Aerospace Psychology Research Group, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland), Strathclyde University) 

  • Safety Management and its relationship to TQM - by Eleanor Forrest (Teaching Company Associate J&B Scotland), Colin MacFarlane (Strathclyde University), & Douglas Ross (J&B Scotland Ltd.). 

  • Railway Safety Management: The Challenge of the New Millennium (pdf). Safety Science Monitor. Issue 1 2000, Vol. 4.  By Andrew Hale.  Safety Science Group, Delft University of Technology, NL. Based on a keynote address to the Occupational Safety & Health Conference of the Union International des Chemins de Fer (UIC). Paris September 1999.

  • British directors perspectives on the impact of health and safety on corporate perfor...
    Smallman^1, C. / John, G., Safety Science, Aug 2001
    Occupational health and safety is established as a factor in international competitiveness, but we question the relevance of this economic argument at the organisational level. On this basis we assess the place of health and safety in...

  • Alignment to Workplace Safety Principles - Theoretical and applied implications
    Hine, D.W. / Lewko, J. / Blanco, J., Journal of Safety Research, Oct 1999
    Open-ended interviews were conducted with senior managers and front-line workers in a Canadian hard rock mine following the introduction of a new set of safety principles to guide employee decision-making and behavior. The interviews...

  • A learning-by-doing strategy to improve top management involvement in safety
    Hakkinen, K., Safety Science, Aug 1995
    The growth of legal regulations in occupational safety during the 70's alienated to some extent top management from health and safety issues; safety was regarded as an activity of safety professionals and labour inspection. This lack of...

  • A multilevel analysis of organisational factors related to the taking of safety initi...
    Simard, M. / Marchand, A., Safety Science, Dec 1995
    This article is about the propensity of workgroups to take safety initiatives and various organisational factors that may impact on workers' safety behaviour. Empirical data concern 1061 workgroups drawn from a random sample of 97...

  • Improving management of technological risk: reliability certification of safety syste...
    Stavrianidis, P.(. / Rennie, J., ISA Transactions, Jan 1996
    This paper discusses a Process Safety Compliance Framework (PSCF) used to evaluate process risk consistently and systematically. The PSCF assesses the compliance of the process to existing standards and provides opportunities to improve...

  • Technological support for decision making in a safety critical environment
    Bentley, R. / Hughes, J.A. / Randall, D. / Shapiro, D.Z., Safety Science, Jun 1995
    In this paper we explore the characteristics of a safety critical domain, that of Air Traffic Control, and discuss the possible impact of new technology on safety levels. Based on insights derived from ethnographic methods, we argue it...

  • Balancing safety and economics
    Kroger, W. / Fischer, P.U., Nuclear Engineering and Design, Jan 2000
    The safety requirements of NPPs have always aimed at limiting societal risks. This risk approach initially resulted in deterministic design criteria and concepts. In the 1980s the paradigm 'safety at all costs' arose and often led to...

  • Safety Management Assessment System (SMAS): a process for identifying and evaluating ...
    Hee, D.D. / Pickrell, B.D. / Bea, R.G. / Roberts, K.H. / Williamson, R.B., Reliability Engineering and System Safety, Aug 1999
    Eighty percent or more of major marine accidents are caused or influenced by humans and organizations. Research has identified characteristics of high reliability organizations (HRO), organizations which have had few accidents while...

  • Marketing health and safety management expertise to small enterprises
    Tait, R. / Walker, D., Safety Science, Nov 2000
    Britain is increasingly becoming a small enterprise economy, with small enterprises employing around 44% of the UK workforce. Statistical evidence indicates that in certain important accident categories, small enterprises have a poorer...

  • Safety Management Strategy and Practice
    Boyle, A.J., Safety Science, Apr 1998
    Book Relziews 209 stances as cryogen's makes this a topic that will assume ever greater importance, and consequently a field for rapidly expanding work on their safety. Safety problems that arise in the handling of liquid oxygen are discussed in Chapter 9...

  • Economic effects of implementing internal control of health, safety and environment: ...
    Kjellen, U. / Boe, K. / Hagen, H.L., Safety Science, Nov 1997
    Internal control (IC) is a key regulatory strategy in Norway to ensure, that companies comply with the safety, health and environment (SHE) legislation. According to the IC regulations, it is mandatory for the companies to establish...

  • Curtin industrial safety trial: managerial behavior and program effectiveness
    Harper, A.C. / Cordery, J.L. / de Klerk, N.H. / Sevastos, P. / Geelhoed, E. / Gunson, C. / Robinson, L. / Sutherland, M. / Osborn, D. / Colquhoun, J., Safety Science, Dec 1996
    Behavior-based safety has been found universally efficacious when evaluated under controlled conditions. The Curtin Trial aimed to test the general acceptability of behavior-based safety in Australian industry. A 50% failure rate was...


HKSAR OSH Legislation


Policy & Strategies

WorkSafe Plan, Assessment of OSH Management Systems

WorkSafe Western Australia, Government of Western Australia

URL: (April 2001)

Note: Copies of this publication may be freely printed and distributed provided that WorkSafe Western Australia receives appropriate acknowledgement and that no substantial changes are made to the text.



Introducing a Safety Management System
WorkSafe Plan Elements
How WorkSafe Plan is used
The WorkSafe Plan Rating Method
Scoring Indicators
Certificates of Achievement


Assessment Details
Summary of Scores for each Element



Safety Management Guides/Handbooks



Safety Management Systems

Safety Management Plans


Standards for Safety Competence


Error Management

Self Assessment


  • 5-S Practice The 5-S practice is a technique used to establish and maintain quality environment in an organisation. The name stands for five Japanese words: Seiri, Seiton, Seiso, Seiketsu and Shitsuke  [Osada, 1991]. The 5-S technique has been widely practised in Japan. Most Japanese 5-S practitioners consider 5-S useful not just for improving their physical environment, but also for improving their thinking processes too.



Other References